Troy Case Awarded Fullbright
Dr. Troy Case has been awarded a Fulbright Scholar/Teacher Award to study how health stresses in childhood may differentially affect growth of the bones of the hands and arms. The work will be conducted in Thailand from July through December 2013. Dr. Case is an expert in skeletal defects and variation, and regularly conducts research on both archaeological and modern skeletons in Thailand.
Congratulations, Dr. Case!
Haenn Quoted in The New York Times
In an article published in The New York Times Sunday Magazine, Associate Professor of Anthropology and International Studies, Nora Haenn discusses the unforeseen risks scientists create and must manage as they work to fight malaria with genetically modified mosquitoes. Click below to follow a link to the online article:
Wallace and People-First Tourism
Read about Professor Tim Wallace's involvement in People-First Tourism!
Ross featured in NYT
The New York Times quoted Professor Ann Ross in a recent article on isotope analysis.
Anthropology undergraduate wins Community Impact Award
Congratulations to Anthropology major Britt Taylor, honored for his community service efforts with the 2012 Community Impact Award.
Ross chosen as University Faculty Scholar
Congratulations to Professor Ann Ross, who was recognized and rewarded as a University Faculty Scholar!
Welcome new faculty!
The Department of Sociology and Anthropology welcomes five tenure-track faculty:
Michaela DeSoucey, Assistant Professor of Sociology; Chelsey Juarez, Assistant Professor of Anthropology; Shea McManus, Assistant Professor of Anthropology; John Millhauser, Assistant Professor of Anthropology; and Alexander ‘Sasha’ Newell, Assistant Professor of Anthropology
Congratulations PFL award winners
Graduate students Candace Chambers and Laura Fitzwater were awarded Certificate of Accomplishment in Teaching Graduates, Fall 2011 – Spring 2012.
Congratulations to CHASS faculty award winners!
Congratulations to our faculty who were recognized for excellence in teaching and research!
Brett Clark, CHASS Outstanding Junior Faculty Award winner
Martha Crowley, CHASS Outstanding Teaching Award and induction in the NC State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers
Ted Greenstein, CHASS’s nominee for University Alumni Distinguished Graduate Professor
Ann Ross, University Alumni Association Outstanding Research Award
Watch Tim Wallace at TEDxNCSU
Watch anthropology professor Tim Wallace at TEDxNCSU.
Troy Case in the news
Check out anthropology professors and graduate students in The News & Observer!
Tim Wallace is candidate for President of SfAA
Tim Wallace is on the 2012 officer election ballot of the Sociuety for Applied Anthropology. He is running for President. The Society for Applied Anthropology, founded in 1941 by Sol Tax, Margaret Mead, and many other well known anthropologists of the day, currently has approximately 4000 members. It is the largest association of applied anthropologists in the world. Wallace's term, if elected, would begin as President-Elect at the end of 2012 and his term as President would start in 2014 for a two year periond.
What do NC State scientists prefer: CSI or Law & Order?
The university's alumni magazine featured Anthropologist Ann Ross and other researchers who are advancing forensic science in its cover story ... Read More
What do NC State scientists prefer? CSI or Law & Order?
For the winter issue of NC State magazine, we talked to researchers across campus who are teaming up to advance work in the area of forensic science. From studying blow flies to mapping skulls to developing a database of fabric dyes, these scientists are using their specialized knowledge to help solve crimes. [...]
NC State Holds Forensic Science Symposium for National and State Law Enforcement
North Carolina State University holds its fourth annual forensic science symposium –including presentations of cutting-edge crime scene investigation technology and techniques – on Tuesday, Dec. 6, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. at the College of Textiles. The event is open to the media, and [...]
Archaeologists Find New Evidence Of Animals Being Introduced To Prehistoric Caribbean
An archaeological research team from North Carolina State University, the University of Washington and University of Florida has found one of the most diverse collections of prehistoric non-native animal remains in the Caribbean, on the tiny island of Carriacou. The find contributes to our understanding of culture in the region before the arrival of Columbus, [...]
Health-Based Approach May Help ID Groups At Risk Of Genocide
Can science help prevent genocide? Researchers from NC State think so, and are proposing a health-based approach to identifying groups at high risk of genocide, in a first-of-its-kind attempt to target international efforts to stop these mass killings before they start. Genocide, or the willful attempt to exterminate a specific population, is a violation of [...]
Ashley Maxwell publishes peer-reviewed article
Anthropology graduate student Ashley Maxwell has co-authored a paper that appears in the current issue of Forensic Science Policy & Management.
Maxwell, AB and AH Ross. 2011. Epidemiology of Genocide: An Example from the Former Yugoslavia. Forensic Science Policy & Management 2: 94-102.
Advances In Forensic Anthropology: 3D-ID
Sometimes law enforcement officials find partial human remains: like a human skull, with few or no other skeletal remains. How can you tell if it was even a man or woman? New technology called 3D-ID can help – giving forensic scientists informati ... Read More
Grad Students Published First Book Chapters
Congratulations to our recent anthropology graduate students who have published their first book chapters!
Ashley L. Humphries- Basic Juvenile Skeletal Anatomy and Growth and Development
Rebecca Sutphin and Ann H. Ross-Juvenile Stature Estimation: A Chilean Perspective
Sarah L. Cunningham, Scott A. Kirkland, and Ann H. Ross-Bone Weathering of Juvenile-Sized Remains in the North Carolina Piedmont
In Ross and Abel. 2011. The Juvenile Skeleton in Forensic Abuse Investigations, Humana Press.
Bioarchaeology Grad Student Wins Top Honors
Adrianne Offenbecker took first place honors at the Graduate Student Research Symposium for her poster presentation, Examining the Role of Environmental Stress in the Etiology of Skeletal Defects. ... Read More
Jessica Stone wins CHASS Master's Thesis Award
Congratulations to Jessica Stone who won this year’s CHASS Master’s Thesis Award for her research entitled “Paleodiet and Nutrition and Grand Bay, Carriacou, West Indies.”
Alyson Harding awarded internship at Smithsonian Institution
Congratulations to Alyson Harding, a bioarchaeology major and Park Scholar who was recently awarded an internship at the Smithsonian Institution as part of the Natural History Research Experiences (NHRE) program. Alyson was one of only 6 students out of 200 applications around the country to receive this prestigious award. This program, which provides housing, travel, and a $5000 stipend over the course of 10 weeks this summer, will allow Alyson to get hands-on experience working with Smithsonian staff on research related to bioarchaeology.
Facial Structure Of Men And Women Has Become More Similar Over Time
Research continues to prove the closing gap between men and women, or at least of their craniofacial features. Dr. Ann Ross, an associate professor of anthropology, acted as the principal investigator of a study which examined hundreds of Spanish a ... Read More
NYT covers Professor Ann Ross' research
The New York Times featured Ann Ross's forensic research on the effect of weight on the femur.
Study Finds That Overweight People Really Are Big-Boned
by Matt Shipman
adpated by Lauren Lopez-Ibanez, Communication Intern
One of the blind spots in forensic science, particularly in identifying unknown remains, is the inability of experts to determine how much an individual weighed based on his or he ... Read More
Spring CHASS enewsletter
Tune in to UNC-TV this Thursday, March 24, at 7:30 p.m. for LEARNING WITH THE WORLD: Global Languages in North Carolina, and the second story in the series about critical languages in North Carolina. The 7-minute feature will be part of the nightly newsmagazine show NORTH CAROLINA NOW on UNC-TV, statewide public television. This presentation’s focus is on Arabic language programs in ourschools and features Raffik Missak, who is teaching at Winding SpringsElementary (Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools), and Lt. Col. Ken Ratashak, who will share an innovative Arabic program at North Carolina State University.
SOC & ANT students at 6th Annual NC State University Graduate School Research Symposium
The Department of Sociology and Anthropology is well represented at the 6th Annual NC State University Graduate School Research Symposium to be held at the McKimmon Center on March 21, 2011, 1:00-5:30 p.m. Following are students presenting posters: Jennifer Buchan (SOC), Ashley Humphries (ANT), Charlotte Mick (ANT), Adrianne M. Offenbecker (ANT), and Rebecca Y. Sutphin (ANT) with additional information about their posters and research.
Jennifer L. Buchan, Sociology Program, Advisors: Margaret Zahn and Brett Clark, Poster Number: 20, Child Homicide in the Southern United States: The Role of Religion in the Subculture of Violence
This study of child homicide in the Southern United States compares child homicide rates in the Southern U.S. to the other Census-defined regions of the continental United States. It is hypothesized that religious fundamentalism in the South leads to higher rates of child homicide than in other parts of the country. Child homicide is defined as the killing of those aged 0-11. Region parallels the U.S. Census defined regions. GSS data from 1976-2006 is used to measure religious fundamentalism and region variables, also using income variables to control for low economic levels. The FBI’s Supplemental Homicide Reports, ranging from 1976-2006 are used to measure child homicide rates by state and region. Results detail how religious fundamentalism affects the killing of children in the United States.
Ashley L. Humphries, Anthropology Program, Advisor: Ann Ross, Poster Number: 70, Craniometric Variation in the Caribbean and Latin America as Influenced by the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
As the application of forensic anthropology increases worldwide, especially in cases of mass disasters and genocide, the need for population specific methods and research has become more important, particularly those concerned with ancestry. Until recently, ancestral categories have been very broad. For example, the term Hispanic is a broad category which assigns a missing person to one of many Spanish speaking countries. Increasingly, investigations have shown that humans are far more diverse than these broad categories account for and have shown that modern statistical methods can more narrowly identify intraregional variation as well as answer broader questions concerning human migration and expansion.
Between the 16th and 19th centuries, nearly 10 million African slaves were transported to the Americas. This event brought together Europeans, indigenous Americans, and various African groups that drastically changed the cultural and biological composition of the region. To investigate the diversity found within the Caribbean and Latin America, samples from different African groups, Mexican, Cuban, Panamanian, and Ecuadorian samples were compared using traditional craniometrics. To evaluate group similarities and differences, Mahalanobis D2 were calculated using SAS 9.13. Results show that all Africa groups significantly differ from one another. Interestingly, Panamanians are not significantly different from Angolans or São Toméan. While the Mexican sample was significantly different from all African samples, Mexicans were not significantly different from the Panamanians, possibly suggesting similar indigenous and/or African origin. These results indicate that the various African populations significantly differ from one another and that this diversity has contributed to the heterogeneity in the Caribbean and Latin America. This research highlights the importance of investigating biological diversity in regional samples, which would allow forensic anthropologists to determine ancestry more accurately and aid in narrowing the pool of missing persons. In addition, this research helps to fill a void in African diaspora studies.
Charlotte Mick, Anthropology Program, Advisor: D. Troy Case, Poster Number: 115, Status and Health at the Mississippian Period Site of Averbuch
Social organization has been determined to influence nutritional health in a variety of different archaeological populations. The reconstruction of social organization utilizing mortuary analysis may be further substantiated by corresponding biological data. Theoretical principles guiding this goal of mortuary analysis emphasize a combination of structural and social traits. For Mississippian chiefdoms, these are largely based on Peebles and Kus’ (1977) prescriptions. A test of these prescriptions is performed on the Tennessee Averbuch population, combining burial good mortuary data and the following nutritional health indicators: linear enamel hypoplasia frequencies, and the presence or absence of porotic hyperostosis and cribra orbitalia. Applying Goodenough’s (1965) social role theory, burial good data are reconfigured into “diversity scores” which represent the variety of types of goods present. Diversity scores are evaluated to consider if higher social status afforded individuals any protection against nutritional stress under a Mississippian redistributive system. Some nutritional stress was observed across all diversity scores, but the highest social status individuals did not appear affected by the greatest stress levels. The Averbuch population appears to have been in poor health in general, but social status may have offered some defense against extreme nutritional stress. Social and structural organization at Averbuch does not conform to a Mississippian chiefdom designation as it is commonly assessed.
Adrianne M. Offenbecker, Anthropology Program, Advisor: D. Troy Case, Poster Number: 128, Examining the Role of Environmental Stress in the Etiology of Skeletal Defects
Frequencies of skeletal defects within families are noticeably elevated when compared with frequencies found in the general population, which indicates a strong genetic component in the etiology of these traits. Clinical studies, however, have demonstrated that certain environmental factors, particularly dietary deficiency and disease, may trigger or enhance the genetic predisposition for developmental defects. While it is likely that both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the etiology of skeletal defects, it is unclear which specific traits are most sensitive to environmental stress. The primary objective of this study is to examine whether environmental stress causes elevated levels of developmental defects within a population. To test this hypothesis, a total of 415 individuals from three archaeological cemeteries were examined for the presence of 45 skeletal defects. The samples are derived from temporally distinct Arikara sites whose inhabitants experienced varying levels of environmental stress over several centuries. Defect frequencies were calculated for each of the three sites and interpopulation differences were analyzed using Fisher’s exact test. The only defects that varied significantly between samples were the os styloideum and vertebral shifting, which were more prevalent in the Mobridge sample, and the asterion bone, which occurred most frequently in the Leavenworth sample. These findings suggest that environmental stress has minimal influence in the etiology of developmental anomalies since the majority of skeletal defect frequencies were similar among the three samples examined for this study.
Rebecca Y. Sutphin, Anthropology Program, Advisor: Ann Ross, Poster Number: 161, Juvenile stature estimation of the Arikara Plains Indians
Limited analysis has been conducted for estimating stature derived from the long bone lengths of juvenile skeletons. While juvenile stature estimation may be particularly beneficial in the forensic setting, it may have applications for use as a proxy for nutritional health of past populations like adult stature. Stature equations developed by Ruff (2007) and Smith (2007) were used to predict juvenile stature from long bone measurements of 1-17 year old Arikara Plains Indians from three temporally distinct burial sites spanning 1600-1832 C.E.(Extended Coalescent (EC), Postcontact Coalescent (PC), and Disorganized Coalescent (DC) time periods). Ages were collapsed into three year age ranges: 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 13-15, and 16-17 year olds. T-test results revealed a significant difference in the 4-6age range for the femoral derived statures between EC and DC (p-value = 0.0005) and PC and DC (p-value = 0.013) sites. The tibia and combined femur and tibia stature estimates also showed a significant difference during the 4-6 range for the EC and PC sites (tibia p-value = 0.03; femur and tibia p-value = 0.05) and EC and DC sites (tibia p-value = 0.01; femur and tibia p-value = 0.002). Changes in femoral length were noted in the DC site, while tibial changes were noted in the EC site. Interestingly, results of the combined femur and tibia stature estimates suggest a shift in bone length proportions, while juveniles maintained the same relative stature possibly reflecting the presence of environmental stressors for the Arikara juveniles in this age category.
Troy Case named Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Professor
Dr. Troy Case was named an Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Professor. He will be recognized at the CHASS Awards Ceremony on April 26.
NEW! Introducing CHASS Academic Support Initiative
Hey, CHASS students! Got questions about intracampus transfer? Registration procedures? The General Education Program? Need some help to get on top of your academic game? Step right up to the Academic Support Initiative (ASI) booths in Caldwell Lounge ... Read More
Tim Wallace was awarded First Year College Student Advocacy Award
Tim Wallace won this year's First Year College Student Advocacy Award. This award recognizes "individuals and departments who embody excellence in service to students, who demonstrate availability and openness to students, and who use their roles to advocate for policies and programs that are in the best interest of all undergraduates students at NC State."
Scott Fitzpatrick on NPR
Dr. Scott Fitzpatrick talks on NPR about a phenomenon of very large stone "money" on a small, remote Pacific Island.
Tim Wallace takes over as President of NAPA
Tim Wallace just began a two-year term as Preaident of NAPA, the National Association for the Practice of Anthropology. NAPA is a section of the American Anthropological Association and is the only one dealing with applied and practicing anthropology. The AAA is increasingly drawing upon NAPA leadership in developing policy suggestions on ways the AAA can increase its engagement with governmental and non-governmental organizations, corporations, and citizens outside the field.
Scott Fitzpatrick now a Research Collaborator at the Smithsonian
Scott Fitzpatrick was recently appointed as a Research Collaborator at the National Museum of Natural History at the Smithsonian Institution.
Ann Ross awarded grant
Ann Ross has just been awarded a grant in the amount of $284,763, titled "Testing the Validity of Radiographic Comparisons in Positive Identifications." She is the PI and Sam Simmons, MD., from the NC Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, is Co-PI.
Research Will Help ID Bodies Left Behind By Chilean Earthquake, Pinochet Regime
New research from NC State University anthropologist Ann Ross will help medical examiners and others identify human remains of those killed during the recent earthquake in Chile, as well as the bodies of the “disappeared” who were killed during the Pinochet administration. [...]
Nora Haenn receives National Science Foundation grant
Nora Haenn was awarded a grant this year from the National Science Foundation. The grant builds on the Fulbright-Garcia Robles Award that she received last year and is entitled: "Effects of International Migration on Land Use and Conservation in Mexico." In general, the research looks at migration to the United States from the perspective of communities that migrants leave. Two local news articles have been published that foreshadow some of the findings.
Scott Fitzpatrick on Editorial Board of the "Journal of Anthropology"
Scott Fitzpatrick was recently appointed to the Editorial Board of the Journal of Anthropology.
Forensics Lab Makes “Awesome College Labs” List
Popular Science magazine has tabbed a forensics analysis lab taught by CHASS anthropologist Ann Ross as one of the "30 Most Awesome College Labs" in the nation. In Popular Science's online gallery counting down the labs, the magazine writes about the lab, No. 28 in the list.
Ann Ross is profiled on NPR's The State of Things
Ann Ross was a guest on WUNC's "The State of Things" for their "Meet" series. "Meet Ann Ross" provided a biographical sketch and discussed her recent research activities.
Bruce Cheek wins the CHASS SPA Award of Excellence
Bruce Cheek is the winner of the 2010 CHASS SPA Award of Excellence, which recognizes his outstanding contributions to the Sociology and Anthropology Department and the College of Humanities and Social Sciences. Way to go, Bruce!
CSI Raleigh: NC State Holds National Forensic Science Workshop For Law Enforcement
Law enforcement officers from around the United States are coming to North Carolina State University to participate in a weeklong crime scene investigation workshop, which involves solving a series of mock murders while learning about state-of-the-art technology in the field of forensic science. "Discovery and Recovery: Death in Natural Environments," being held June 1-4 at NC [...]
New Forensics Research Will Help Identify Remains Of Children
New research from North Carolina State University is now giving forensic scientists a tool that can be used to help identify the remains of children, and may contribute to resolving missing-persons cases, among other uses. Identifying skeletal remains can be a key step in solving crimes, but traditionally it has been exceptionally difficult to identify [...]
Scott Fitzpatrick's research on Palau is touted on Media Watch
An Australian news program, Media Watch, highlighted the research of Scott Fitzpatrick, which debunks the assertions made by the documentary film, "Mystery Skulls of Palau."
Ann Ross's research featured on WRAL
Ann Ross's forensic research that helped identify a murder victim in Rocky Mount was featured on WRAL.
Gina Agostini wins the Graduate School Thesis Award for CHASS
Thesis Title: "The Effect of Obesity on Long Bones: A Multidirectional Approach"
Graduate student research highlighted in Perspectives, the CALS magazine
"In the last issue of Perspectives, the CALS magazine that goes out to the university community and alums, one of Karl Jicha's projects is featured. It's the one in which he obtained computers for the schools on the Caribbean island of Carriacou.
The story is attached here and at
Good job, Karl!
And thanks from all of us
Dr. Wimberley later said:
"I should add that several of our grad students, past and present, participated on the computer project along with Karl who led the effort. These include Greg Fulkerson, Gretchen Thompson, Jonathan May, and Delmar Wright.
Thanks to all for making it possible for the Carriacou children to use computers and for making our department look good in the process!
Ann Ross named research collaborator at Smithsonian
First Cohort of Anthropology Master of Arts Degree Students Graduates in May
Schwalbe,Fitzpatrick and Crowley nominated for CHASS faculty awards
Anne Schiller is this year's recipient of the Jackson Rigney Service Award
staff member at North Carolina State University to the promotion of
international understanding and service to the University and/or to the
international community. It is sponsored by the Eta Chapter of Sigma
Iota Rho (the International Studies Honor Society).To be awarded April 6th at the annual Sigma Iota Rho banquet.
Troy Case named Outstanding Teacher
Troy Case was named an Outstanding Teacher and voted a member of NC State's Academy of Outstanding Teachers. He will be recognized at Spring Commencement and at the Honors Baccalaureate and Celebration of Academic Excellence in May. In addition, there will be a reception on March 23 from 5:00-6:30 honoring Troy and the other teaching award winners.
Bugs, Bones, and Botany ©
Dr. Ann Ross leads the Bugs, Bones, and Botany © weeklong seminar for forensic specialists and criminologists from and around North Carolina. To learn more, please click here
Salerno Wins Independent Weekly Poetry Contest
Chris Salerno, a long-time English Department Lecturer, has been named the winner of the 2009 Independent Weekly Poetry contest for his poem, "Whirl," which will appear in the Feb. 25th edition of the Independent. The prize carries a $500 award and the opportunity for Chris to read from his work at a reception/reading scheduled for March 18th.
LCW Major wins Dell Magazine Award
Undergraduate LCW major Joshua Eure has been named the winner of the 2009 Dell Magazines Award for Undergraduate Excellence in Science Fiction and Fantasy Writing (formerly the Isaac Asimov Award), sponsored by Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine and the International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts, and supported by the Humanities Institute at the University of South Florida and the School of Mass Communications at the University of South Florida.
The $500 award goes to the best unpublished and unsold science fiction or fantasy short story submitted by a full-time undergraduate college student. The winner is invited to the IAFA annual Conference on the Fantastic in mid-March in Orlando, FL, and the winning story will be considered for publication in either Asimov's science fiction magazine or in the on-line version of the magazine.
Josh's story"We Were Real," was written for John Kessel's ENG 488 class in the spring of 2008. In addition, Maggie Morgan, a student in Kessel's ENG 388 class in the fall of 2008, placed third in the competition.
February 2009 E-Newsletter
Will U.S. policy toward Cuba finally change?
U.S. policy toward Cuba has been frozen since the 1960s. What are the prospects for change? Nicholas Robins, history, featured in Q section.
CHASS Dean’s Search Update
The Provost’s office has named four finalists for the CHASS dean position. As part of their campus interviews, the candidates will give public presentations about the future of CHASS. They will also meet with various groups of faculty, students, staff, and administrators. To learn more about the candidates and check the complete schedules, visit the Provost’s Web site.
Patricia L. McCall has been awarded a grant from the Guggenheim Foundation for her study on "TheLongitudinal and Contextual Analyses of Violent Crime in the European Union."
The proposed research will increase our understanding of the effect of macro-structural forces on homicide rates over time across European nations as well as at sub-national units within those nations.
In the News
Sarah Bowen's research on Tequila farms in Mexico was discussed on NPR’s The State of Things, on January 23, 2009. Her research was also highlighted in the Raleigh News & Observer on January 29, 2009. http://www.newsobserver.com/news/story/1385999.html Her research shows that while tequila’s surge in popularity over the past 15 years has been a boon for industry, it is triggering a significant hangover of social and environmental problems in the region of Mexico where the once-notorious liquor is produced.
Martha Crowley’s collaborative research (to appear in Work and Occupations) was noted in Newswise, News Guide, and News-Medical, on Nov. 12, 2008. Their findings show that women are not more likely to be sexually harassed when they are the minority or majority in a work group, but when their work group has a similar proportion of males and females.
Teaching Tool Helps Students Analyze Online Research Materials
Doctors featured in Accolades
Psychology Graduate Degree Candidates
Dr. Anne Schiller
Dr. Anne Schiller was an invited speaker at a March, 2008 conference on "Cities and Markets," held in Parma, Italy and organized by the Italian Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities.
Dr. Tim Wallace
Dr. Tim Wallace is completing his 1st year as Editor of the Society for Applied Anthropology Newsletter with the May 15, 2008 issue. See earlier issues at http://sfaa.net/newsletter/newsletter.html.
Dr. Troy Case
Dr. Troy Case was an invited speaker at the 2nd International Conference on Physical and Molecular Anthropology, held in Hualien, Taiwan in March 2008.
Dr. Jerry Jacka
Dr. Jerry Jacka was an invited speaker and discussant at a workshop on "The Anthropology of Small-Scale Gold Mining" held at VU University Amsterdam in March 2008.
Dr. Scott M. Fitzpatrick
Dr. Scott M. Fitzpatrick was invited to participate in a February 2008 workshop on "Sustainable Land Management in Atoll Island Countries" at the University of Tokyo in Japan and was featured in a recent episode of "Bone Detectives" on the Discovery Channel.